I-9, I-10

Punishing students who do not understand directions erodes relationships and creates a sense of injustice. Make sure to teach students directions, not punish them for misunderstandings.

Breaking down an initial direction into an even more specific sequence of steps helps students better understand.

Ask a student to repeat directions to check what they understand and reinforce the expectation.

Double Plan is an effective lesson-planning practice where teachers think about and plan for what students will do during the course of a lesson. This practice helps teachers see the lesson through the eyes of the student in order to make sure students stay actively engaged in all aspects of the lesson.