Closure should come from the students stating what they learned during the class. The intellectual work should be done by the students and not by the teacher. Oftentimes, teachers leave off the closure. It is the first thing to get cut off if time is running out at the end of the lesson.
Use a timer or an online stopwatch to pace the lesson or have a student be responsible for reminding the teacher.
Consider asking students to write down one potential test question from that day's lesson as an Exit Ticket. Have them exchange their paper with a classmate to answer.
3-2-1 Summary is an oral or written activity that asks students to share 3 key ideas from the lesson, 2 interesting things that caught their attention and 1 question they may still have. This is an effective way to culminate a lesson because students make their own personal connections to what they are learning through meaningful discussions based on their ideas and questions.
Chalktalk is a silent way to check for understanding or reflect on the day’s lesson. The teacher writes a question in a circle on the board (e.g. What did you learn today?) and places many pieces of chalk (or markers) at the board. The students are invited to cluster around the board and encouraged to randomly step forward to write their thoughts. The teacher may respond to a student’s comment by writing a follow-up question or circling other interesting ideas to invite more discussion. If a student wishes to respond to a classmate’s idea, a connecting line is drawn to the comment. This is a productive strategy because it gives groups a change of pace and promotes thoughtful contemplation.