Carefully consider the preparations you need to make or the instructions you need to give to make sure students will be playing their expected role. If students begin to shift away from what you planned for them to do, provide a redirection to ensure students understand your expectations.
Double Planning helps teachers change the pace of a lesson by reminding them to do a variety of things during class time. Students may write, reflect, discuss, or draw to actively engage in the lesson.
What to Do is a practice that involves giving students directions in a way that is clear and useful. The practice is based on the premise that some student non-compliance is due to students’ misunderstanding of the directions, not defiance.